A Call to Repentance, Reconciliation, Return, & Rejoicing
“Speak to the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month on the first of the month you shall have a rest, a reminder by blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. You shall not do any laborious work, but you shall present an offering by fire to the LORD.”
“Now in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall also have a holy convocation, you shall do no laborious work. It will be to you a day for blowing trumpets.”
The shofar was sounded:
At the giving of the Torah to the people of Israel (Exd 19:8, 19)
To announce the great sabbatical year of release (Lev 25:9)
When Israel conquered Jericho (Joshua 6:20)
To assemble Israel during war (Judges 3:27; II Sam 20:1)
To announce the coronation of a new king in Israel (I Kings 34:39)
To warn Israel of impending danger (Amos 3:6; Jer 6:1; Ezek 33:6)
To announce the beginning of the appointed times (Num 10:10)
To celebrate the new (renewed) moon or head of the month
It is a call to repentance (Ish 58:1)
The shofar will be sounded in the future:
At the final ingathering of the exiles of Israel (Ish 27:13)
To announce God’s miraculous end-time intervention to deliver the
people of Israel (Zech 9:14,16)
To herald the coming Messianic Age (Matt 24:29-31)
At the Resurrection (I Thess 4:16-17 & 1 Cor 15:50-58)
To announce God’s Judgments (Rev 8-9) and the Day of the Lord
In connection to the coming of the King Messiah (Rev 11:15-18)
blown on the Day of Trumpets or Yom Teruah “The Day of the
- CORONATION OF THE KING: Symbolizing our acceptance of Messiah Yeshua as King over our lives today and anticipating his official coronation before the nations at His return.
Rev 11:15-17, “Then the seventh angel sounded [the shofar]; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever. And the twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God, saying, We give thanks, O Lord God, the almighty, who are and who were, because You have taken Your great power and have begun to reign.”
- OUR NEED FOR REPENTANCE: Yom Kippurrim, The Day of Atonements (a time of Resurrection and Judgment before the heavenly court) is only 10 days away. Yom Teruah is a warning and reminder, the final call to repentance and our need to get our spiritual house in order. It is also a reminder that we should be diligently investing our energy, time and talents for the Kingdom of God. The sound of the shofar should bring home for us the urgency of the Gospel message and the fact that time is short and one day soon God will return to judge the earth and fulfill the Fall Feasts like He already fulfilled the Spring Feasts at His first coming.
Isa 58:1, “Cry loudly, do not hold back; Raise your voice like a trumpet, And declare to My people their transgressions and the house of Jacob their sins.”
- THE VOICE OF THE LORD calling us to obedience to His Torah (i.e. His Instructions in Right Living): The shofar sounded at the foot of Mt. Sinai before God spoke in the hearing of all the people if Israel.
They were a mixed multitude that went up (Exd 12:37)
There is one Law, Teaching and Instruction (i.e. Torah) for the native born as well as the gentile who joins Israel to worship her God (Num 15:14-16; Exd 12:48-49 etc.)
God makes the same Covenant offering to all people who will first have faith and then listen to His Voice, which means obey His Torah.
Duet 29:10, 13-14, “You stand today, all of you, before the Lord your God…in order that He may establish you today as His people and that He may be your God, just as He spoke to you and as He swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Now not with you alone am I making this covenant and this oath, but both with those who stand here with us today in the presence of the LORD our God and with those who are not with us here today.”
(Rev. 1:10 and 4:1) John heard the voice of the Lord and compared it to the sound of a Trumpet calling him to come up to heaven to be shown what would occur in the future.
- AS A WARNING: The shofar was often sounded to remind the people to take warning from the words of the prophets. Today, we must still act as watchmen and warn people lest they stay enemies of the living God and die by the sword that will come when God judges His enemies.
Ezek 33:4-6, “Then he who hears the sound of the trumpet and does not take warning, and a sword comes and takes him away, his blood will be on his own head. He heard the sound of the trumpet but did not take warning; his blood will be on himself. But had he taken warning, he would have delivered his life. But if the watchman sees the sword coming and does not blow the trumpet and the people are not warned, and the sword comes and takes a person from them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood I will require from the watchman’s hand.”
- THE HOUSE OF THE LORD: The shofar reminds us of the days of the Temple before it was destroyed, and reminds us to pray in anticipation of Isa 2:2-4 when all the nations will stream to Jerusalem to worship Yahweh.
Ish 2:2-4, “Now it will come about that in the last days, the mountain of the house of the LORD will be established as the chief of the mountains, and will be raised above the hills; and all the nations will stream to it. And many peoples will come and say, ‘Come let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob. That He may teach us concerning His ways and that we may walk in His paths. For the Torah will go forth from Zion and the Word of the Lord from Jerusalem. And he will judge between nations, and will render decisions for many peoples; and they will hammer their plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, and never again will they learn war.”
Blowing the shofar allows us to remember the significance of the substitutionary sacrifice of the ram made in Isaac’s place that symbolized the fact that God would ultimately provide the sacrifice necessary to redeem us Himself. The Rabbis taught that we should consider it as if we had been bound before God. This is in keeping with the Apostolic Writings which reveal that God considers Yeshua’s sacrifice as a substitute for us, but we are also considered by God to have “died along with the Messiah.”
- SUBSTITUTIONARY SACRIFICE: Blowing the shofar allows us to remember the significance of the substitutionary sacrifice of the ram made in Isaac’s place that symbolized the fact that God would ultimately provide the sacrifice necessary to redeem us Himself. The Rabbis taught that we should consider it as if we had been bound before God. This is in keeping with the Apostolic Writings which reveal that God considers Yeshua’s sacrifice as a substitute for us, but we are also considered by God to have “died along with the Messiah.”
- FEAR: The sound of the shofar should inspire a holy and reverent fear before God. Amos 3:6 “Shall the shofar be blown in the city and people not be afraid?” If Messiah showed up tonight for real, it would inspire holy fear and ‘ah’ of God.
- JUDGEMENT: The sound of the shofar reminds us that The Day of the Lord is very near.
Zeph 1:14-16, “Near is the great day of the LORD, near and coming very quickly; Listen, the day of the LORD! The day of wrath is that day…a day of trumpet and battle cry…”
9: RESURRECTION: The sounding of the shofar is a reminder for us and our children to recall the future resurrection of the dead.
Matt 24:31, “And He will send forth His angels with A GREAT TRMPET and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, form one end of the sky to the other.”
1 Cor 15:51-2, “Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, in the moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the LAST TRUMPET; for the TRUMPET will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.”
Acts 24:15, “…that there shall certainly be a resurrection of both the righteous and the wicked.”
Rev 20:6, “Blessed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with Him for a thousand years.”
- A COMMAND TO PRAISE AND REJOICE ON THIS DAY WITH THE SOUND OF TRUMPETS:
Psa 81:3, “Blow the trumpet at the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.”
Psa 150:3, “Praise Him with trumpet sound…”
- URGENCY OF THE GREAT COMMISSION:
Matt 28:19-20, “Go therefore, and make disciples of all nations baptizing them in the name of the Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.”
When we observe God’s Appointed Times, we proclaim with our actions as well as our words the reality of God’s kingdom on earth and the reign of our Messiah today. In so doing, we cause people to consider the Gospel message and show that we truly believe the reality of the things written in the pages of our Bibles.
We also fulfill our obligation to observe all that God commanded us in His Word, because we know that Yeshua is the embodiment of the Torah (God’s Instructions in Right Living); He is what the Torah looks like when it’s lived out the way He intended it to be lived out in the first place according to the Spirit of God. It is Messiah’s own will and wisdom for His people, and when we obey it, we obey our Master and please the Father, and demonstrate with our actions not just our words the reality of our love and appreciation for our Master.
John 1:15 Yeshua (Jesus) said, “If you love me you will keep my commandments.”
John 15:10-11, “If you keep My commandments, you will abide in my love; just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and abide in His love. These things I have spoken to you so that my joy may be in you, and that your joy may be made full.”
1 John 5:2-3, “By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God and observe His commandments. For this is the love of God that we keep His commandments; and His commandments are not burdensome.”